eGFRs from Asian-modified CKD-EPI and Chinese-modified CKD-EPI equations were associated better with hypertensive target organ damage in the community-dwelling elderly Chinese: the Northern Shanghai Study
Authors Ji H, Zhang H, Xiong J, Yu S, Chi C, Bai B, Li J, Blacher J, Zhang Y, Xu Y
Received 5 May 2017
Accepted for publication 19 July 2017
Published 18 August 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 1297—1308
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Zhi-Ying Wu
Hongwei Ji,1,* Han Zhang,1,* Jing Xiong,1 Shikai Yu,1 Chen Chi,1 Bin Bai,1 Jue Li,2 Jacques Blacher,3 Yi Zhang,1,* Yawei Xu1,*
1Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, 2Department of Prevention, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Paris Descartes University, AP-HP, Diagnosis and Therapeutic Center, Hôtel-Dieu, Paris, France
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Background: With increasing age, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline is a frequent manifestation and is strongly associated with other preclinical target organ damage (TOD). In literature, many equations exist in assessing patients’ eGFR. However, these equations were mainly derived and validated in the population from Western countries, which equation should be used for risk stratification in the Chinese population remains unclear, as well as their comparison. Considering that TOD is a good marker for risk stratification in the elderly, in this analysis, we aimed to investigate whether the recent eGFR equations derived from Asian and Chinese are better associated with preclinical TOD than the other equations in elderly Chinese.
Methods: A total of 1,599 community-dwelling elderly participants (age >65 years) in northern Shanghai were prospectively recruited from June 2014 to August 2015. Conventional cardiovascular risk factors were assessed, and hypertensive TOD including left ventricular mass index (LVMI), carotid–femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), ankle–brachial index (ABI) and urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) was evaluated for each participant. Participant’s eGFR was calculated from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), Chinese-abbreviated MDRD (c-aMDRD), Asian-modified CKD-EPI (aCKD-EPI) equation and Chinese-modified CKD-EPI (cCKD-EPI) equation.
Results: In multivariate regression analysis, only eGFRs from aCKD-EPI were significantly and inversely associated with carotid IMT (P=0.005). In multivariate logistic models, decreased eGFR from all the equations were significantly associated with lower ABI (P<0.001), microalbuminuria (P=0.02 to P<0.001) and increased cf-PWV (P<0.001). Only decreased eGFRs from aCKD-EPI and cCKD-EPI equations were significantly associated with increased IMT (both crude P<0.05). In the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis, only aCKD-EPI and cCKD-EPI equations presented significant associations with all the listed preclinical TODs (P-value from <0.05 to <0.001).
Conclusion: In community-dwelling elderly Chinese, eGFRs from aCKD-EPI and cCKD-EPI equations are better associated with preclinical TOD. aCKD-EPI and cCKD-EPI equations should be preferred when making risk assessment.
Keywords: elderly Chinese, eGFR equation, preclinical target organ damage, eGFR
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