Efficacy and safety of two new formulations of artificial tears in subjects with dry eye disease: a 3-month, multicenter, active-controlled, randomized trial
Authors Simmons P, Liu H, Carlisle-Wilcox C, Vehige J
Received 26 November 2014
Accepted for publication 28 January 2015
Published 15 April 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 665—675
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 5
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Peter A Simmons, Haixia Liu, Cindy Carlisle-Wilcox, Joseph G Vehige
Allergan Clinical Research, Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA
Purpose: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of two investigational artificial tear formulations (CHO-1 and CHO-2) containing carmellose sodium, hyaluronic acid at different concentrations, and osmoprotectants, with a standard carmellose sodium-containing formulation (Refresh Tears [RT]) in the treatment of dry eye disease.
Subjects and methods: In this 3-month, double-masked, multicenter study, subjects (n=305) were randomized 1:1:1 to receive CHO-1, CHO-2, or RT, used as needed but at least twice daily. The primary endpoint was change in ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score from baseline to day 90. Other key outcomes included symptoms evaluated on a visual analog scale, corneal and conjunctival staining, and adverse events.
Results: OSDI scores and dry eye symptoms showed a rapid and sustained reduction from baseline in each group. Both CHO-1 and CHO-2 met the primary efficacy endpoint of noninferiority to RT in day 90 OSDI score change from baseline. OSDI ocular symptoms subscale improved more with CHO-1 than CHO-2 (P=0.048). In subjects with clinically relevant baseline ocular surface staining (>14 total score of a maximum of 55), day 90 improvements were greater with CHO-1 and CHO-2 than RT (P≤0.044). Day 90 improvements in OSDI ocular symptoms subscale scores were also greater with CHO-1 than RT (P<0.007) in subjects with clinically relevant ocular staining. All treatments were well tolerated.
Conclusion: Both combination artificial tear formulations were efficacious and well tolerated in subjects with dry eye. CHO-1 demonstrated the best performance in improving ocular symptoms and reducing ocular staining in this heterogeneous study population.
Keywords: dry eye syndromes, ophthalmic solutions, carmellose, hyaluronic acid
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