Back to Journals » Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management » Volume 4 » Issue 6

Effects of treatment with antimicrobial agents on the human colonic microflora

Authors Rafii F, Sutherland JB, Cerniglia CE

Published 5 December 2008 Volume 2008:4(6) Pages 1343—1357


Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 6

Fatemeh Rafii, John B Sutherland, Carl E Cerniglia

Division of Microbiology, National Center for Toxicological Research, FDA, Jefferson, AR, USA

Abstract: Antimicrobial agents are the most valuable means available for treating bacterial infections. However, the administration of therapeutic doses of antimicrobial agents to patients is a leading cause of disturbance of the normal gastrointestinal microflora. This disturbance results in diminishing the natural defense mechanisms provided by the colonic microbial ecosystem, making the host vulnerable to infection by commensal microorganisms or nosocomial pathogens. In this minireview, the impacts of antimicrobials, individually and in combinations, on the human colonic microflora are discussed.

Keywords: antibiotics, intestinal bacteria

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]