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Effects of minodronate in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who received prior treatment with raloxifene

Authors Toda A, Sawada K, Yoshimura A, Nakatsuka E, Kuroda H, Kozasa K, Miyamoto M, Hashimoto K, Mabuchi S, Kimura T

Received 7 July 2017

Accepted for publication 7 September 2017

Published 13 November 2017 Volume 2017:9 Pages 821—825


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Everett F Magann

Aska Toda, Kenjiro Sawada, Akihiko Yoshimura, Erika Nakatsuka, Hiromasa Kuroda, Katsumi Kozasa, Mayuko Miyamoto, Kae Hashimoto, Seiji Mabuchi, Tadashi Kimura

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Background: In clinical practice, patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis have often shown a poor response to treatment with an antiresorptive agent for several years. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of switching raloxifene with minodronate in patients who responded poorly to the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with raloxifene.
Patients and methods:
This observational study was conducted based on a single-arm, non-randomized, open-label design and was approved by the institute’s institutional review board. Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who became unresponsive in terms of bone mineral density (BMD) after being administered raloxifene for two or more years were enrolled. Patients were treated with 1 mg minodronate daily or 50 mg minodronate monthly. Changes in BMD and serum bone turnover markers were monitored at baseline, 6, 12, and 24 months after switching treatment.
Results: Twenty-seven patients were enrolled. Two discontinued treatment because of adverse events related to the study drug. Among the remaining 25 patients, lumbar BMD significantly increased by 3.67%, 5.08%, and 6.97% at 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively, and femoral neck BMD increased by 1.63%, 2.18%, and 3.85% at 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. Serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase showed a significant reduction of 30.35% from the baseline (p<0.0001) within the first 6 months, suggesting a stronger antiresorptive effect of minodronate. Serum N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen showed a tendency to decrease.
Conclusion: Switching raloxifene with minodronate is effective in poor responders of osteoporosis treatment and should be considered as one of the treatment options for osteoporosis.

Keywords: osteoporosis, minodronate, raloxifene, switching therapy

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