Effects of BAK-free travoprost treatment for 3 years in patients with normal tension glaucoma
Kenji Inoue,1 Mayumi Iwasa,1 Masato Wakakura,1 Goji Tomita2
1Inouye Eye Hospital, 2Toho University Ohashi Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of benzalkonium (BAK)-free travoprost monotherapy administered for 3 years on intraocular pressure and visual field performance.
Methods: The intraocular pressure of 76 patients with normal tension glaucoma was monitored every 1–3 months. A Humphrey visual field test was performed every 6 months after treatment and compared with the results before treatment. Visual field performance was also evaluated by trend and event analysis.
Results: Thirty cases discontinued within 3 years. Mean intraocular pressure after 3 years of travoprost treatment (14.1 ± 2.4 mmHg) was significantly lower than that before treatment (16.8 ± 2.6 mmHg, P ‹ 0.0001). There was no change in the mean deviation and pattern standard deviation as measured by Humphrey visual field test after 3 years of treatment compared with before treatment. Visual field performance was worse in one patient (2.8%) by trend analysis and five patients (13.9%) by event analysis. Treatment was discontinued in six cases (7.9%) due to the appearance of adverse reactions.
Conclusion: BAK-free travoprost monotherapy was effective in reducing intraocular pressure for at least 3 years; however, visual field performance worsened in 2.8%–13.9% of patients with normal tension glaucoma.
Keywords: BAK-free travoprost, intraocular pressure, visual field, trend analysis, event analysis
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF]