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Effect of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles on fluidity and phase transition of phosphatidylcholine liposomal membranes

Authors Santhosh PB, Drašler B, Drobne D, Kreft ME, Kralj S, Makovec D, Ulrih NP

Received 1 June 2015

Accepted for publication 28 July 2015

Published 29 September 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 6089—6104

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S89679

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Farooq Shiekh

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas J Webster

Poornima Budime Santhosh,1,* Barbara Drašler,2,* Damjana Drobne,2 Mateja Erdani Kreft,3 Slavko Kralj,4 Darko Makovec,4 Nataša Poklar Ulrih1,5

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 2Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 3Institute of Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, 4Department for Materials Synthesis, Jožef Stefan Institute, 5Centre of Excellence for Integrated Approaches in Chemistry and Biology of Proteins, Ljubljana, Slovenia

*These authors share equal first authorship

Abstract: Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) with multifunctional properties have shown great promise in theranostics. The aim of our work was to compare the effects of SPIONs on the fluidity and phase transition of the liposomal membranes prepared with zwitterionic phosphatidylcholine lipids. In order to study if the surface modification of SPIONs has any influence on these membrane properties, we have used four types of differently functionalized SPIONs, such as: plain SPIONs (primary size was shown to be ~11 nm), silica-coated SPIONs, SPIONs coated with silica and functionalized with positively charged amino groups or negatively charged carboxyl groups (the primary size of all the surface-modified SPIONs was ~20 nm). Small unilamellar vesicles prepared with 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine lipids and multilamellar vesicles prepared with 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine lipids were encapsulated or incubated with the plain and surface-modified SPIONs to determine the fluidity and phase transition temperature of the bilayer lipids, respectively. Fluorescent anisotropy and differential scanning calorimetric measurements of the liposomes that were either encapsulated or incubated with the suspension of SPIONs did not show a significant difference in the lipid ordering and fluidity; though the encapsulated SPIONs showed a slightly increased effect on the fluidity of the model membranes in comparison with the incubated SPIONs. This indicates the low potential of the SPIONs to interact with the nontargeted cell membranes, which is a desirable factor for in vivo applications.

Keywords: encapsulated SPIONs, incubated SPIONs, zwitterionic liposomes, membrane integrity, phase behavior

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