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Effect of ramipril on renal function in patients with intermittent claudication

Authors Hobbs SD, Claridge MW, Wilmink ABM, Adam DJ, Thomas ME, Bradbury AW

Published 11 April 2008 Volume 2008:4(2) Pages 471—475


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Simon D Hobbs1, Martin W Claridge1, Antonius BM Wilmink1, Donald J Adam1, Mark E Thomas2, Andrew W Bradbury1

1University Department of Vascular Surgery and 2Department of Nephrology, Heart of England NHS Trust (Teaching), Birmingham, UK

Background: The Heart Outcomes Prevention Study (HOPE) demonstrated that ramipril resulted in a blood-pressure-independent 25% reduction in cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Despite this, general practitioners and vascular surgeons remain reluctant to prescribe ACE inhibitors in this group of patients because of concerns about renal artery stenosis (RAS). We aimed to define the effect of ramipril on renal function in patients with intermittent claudication (IC).

Methods and Results: Of 132 unselected patients with IC entering the study 78 (59%) were excluded due to: current ACE inhibitor use (38%), renal impairment (serum creatinine above normal range) (15%), known severe RAS (1%) or unwillingness to participate (5%). The remaining 54 patients were titrated to 10 mg ramipril and renal function was monitored at 1, 5, and 12 weeks. Treatment was discontinued during titration in 5 patients due to symptoms (3) or lack of compliance (2). In the remainder, median [IQR] serum creatinine increased (94 [85.8–103.3] to 98 [88.0–106.5] µmol/L, p ≤ 0.001) and median [IQR] GFR decreased (71.5 [64.6–82.3] to 68.7 [59.8–74.7] mL/min per 1.73 m2, p ≤ 0.001) between baseline and 5 weeks. These changes were not considered clinically significant. By 12 weeks these values had returned almost to baseline (Cr 95.5 [88.0–103.25] µmol/L, GFR 71.8 [65.3–77.4] mL/min). No patient had a serum creatinine rise >30%.

Conclusion: Most of patients with IC and a normal serum creatinine can be safely commenced on ramipril provided they are screened, titrated and monitored as described above. Studies in patients with borderline renal impairment (serum creatinine up to 30% above baseline) are on-going.

Keywords: peripheral arterial disease, ramipril, renal function, intermittent claudication

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