Effect of prior cataract surgery on the long-term outcome of selective laser trabeculoplasty
Tarek A Shazly1, Mark A Latina2, John J Dagianis3, Satyakant Chitturi4
1Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; 2Reading Health Center, Reading, MA, USA; 3Nashua Eye Associates, Nashua, NH, USA; 4Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, India
Objective: To determine if pseudophakia affects selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering effect.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on 94 eyes of 75 consecutive patients who underwent SLT as primary treatment for ocular hypertension and primary open-angle glaucoma between 2002 and 2005 and completed at least 30 months follow up. Patients were excluded if they required additional glaucoma medications, laser, or ocular surgery during the follow-up period. Patients were categorized as phakics or pseudophakics. Independent-samples t-test was performed to compare the mean percentage of IOP reduction at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 30 months after SLT between the phakic and pseudophakic groups.
Results: Seventy-six phakic and 18 pseudophakic eyes were included. IOP reduction in phakic group was 27.4% (2 week), 29.8% (3 months), 27.7% (9 months), 27.4% at (12 months) and 27.3% at (30 months). In pseudophakic patients, the mean IOP reduction was 19.8% (2 weeks), 26.5% (3 months), 23.2% (9 months), 22.5% (12 months), and 25.9% (30 months). An independent-sample t-test compared the percentage of IOP reduction between the phakic and pseudophakic groups and revealed higher percentage of IOP reduction in the phakic group at 2 weeks by 7.6% (P = 0.01). P value for difference was 0.34 (3 months), 0.25 (6 months), 0.18 (9 months), 0.12 (12 months), 0.36 (18 months), and 0.7 (30 months) after SLT.
Conclusions: SLT response was delayed in pseudophakic compared to phakic patients, while the long-term effectiveness of SLT is the same in both groups.
Keywords: intraocular pressure, pseudophakic, cataract surgery
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