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Effect of nanofiber content on bone regeneration of silk fibroin/poly(ε-caprolactone) nano/microfibrous composite scaffolds

Authors Kim BS, Park KE, Kim MH, You HK, Lee J, Park WH, Kim YJ

Received 14 August 2014

Accepted for publication 10 November 2014

Published 9 January 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 485—502


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Carlos Rinaldi

Beom Su Kim,1,2,* Ko Eun Park,3,4,* Min Hee Kim,3 Hyung Keun You,5 Jun Lee,1 Won Ho Park3

1Wonkwang Bone Regeneration Institute, Wonkwang University, Iksan, South Korea; 2Bone Cell Biotech, Daejeon, South Korea; 3Department of Advanced Organic Materials and Textile System Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea; 4Central Research Institute, Humedix, Anyang, South Korea; 5Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, South Korea

*These two authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: The broad application of electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds in tissue engineering is limited by their small pore size, which has a negative influence on cell migration. This disadvantage could be significantly improved through the combination of nano- and microfibrous structure. To accomplish this, different nano/microfibrous scaffolds were produced by hybrid electrospinning, combining solution electrospinning with melt electrospinning, while varying the content of the nanofiber. The morphology of the silk fibroin (SF)/poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nano/microfibrous composite scaffolds was investigated with field-emission scanning electron microscopy, while the mechanical and pore properties were assessed by measurement of tensile strength and mercury porosimetry. To assay cell proliferation, cell viability, and infiltration ability, human mesenchymal stem cells were seeded on the SF/PCL nano/microfibrous composite scaffolds. From in vivo tests, it was found that the bone-regenerating ability of SF/PCL nano/microfibrous composite scaffolds was closely associated with the nanofiber content in the composite scaffolds. In conclusion, this approach of controlling the nanofiber content in SF/PCL nano/microfibrous composite scaffolds could be useful in the design of novel scaffolds for tissue engineering.

Keywords: silk fibroin (SF), poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), nanofibers, microfibers, composite scaffolds, bone regeneration

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