Effect of CCR2 inhibitor-loaded lipid micelles on inflammatory cell migration and cardiac function after myocardial infarction
Received 29 June 2018
Accepted for publication 30 August 2018
Published 15 October 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 6441—6451
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Alexander Kharlamov
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas J Webster
Jinli Wang,1,2,* Min Jeong Seo,1,* Michael B Deci,1 Brian R Weil,3 John M Canty,3,4 Juliane Nguyen1,2
1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA; 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA; 3Department of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Clinical and Translational Research Center, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA; 4VA Western New York Healthcare System, Buffalo, NY, USA
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Background: After myocardial infarction (MI), inflammatory cells infiltrate the infarcted heart in response to secreted stimuli. Monocytes are recruited to the infarct via CCR2 chemokine receptors along a CCL2 concentration gradient. While infiltration of injured tissue with monocytes is an important component of the reparatory response, excessive or prolonged inflammation can adversely affect left ventricular remodeling and worsen clinical outcomes.
Materials and methods: Here, we developed poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-DSPE) micelles loaded with a small molecule CCR2 antagonist to inhibit monocyte recruitment to the infarcted myocardium. To specifically target CCR2-expressing cells, PEG-DSPE micelles were further surface decorated with an anti-CCR2 antibody.
Results: Targeted PEG-DSPE micelles showed eight-fold greater binding to CCR2-expressing RAW 264.7 monocytes than plain, non-targeted PEG-DSPE micelles. In a mouse model of MI, CCR2-targeting PEG-DSPE micelles loaded with a CCR2 small molecule antagonist significantly decreased the number of Ly6Chigh inflammatory cells to 3% of total compared with PBS-treated controls. Furthermore, CCR2-targeting PEG-DSPE micelles significantly reduced the infarct size based on epicardial and endocardial infarct arc lengths.
Conclusion: Both non-targeted and CCR2-targeting PEG-DSPE micelles showed a trend toward improving cardiac function. As such, PEG-DSPE micelles represent a promising cardiac therapeutic platform.
Keywords: CCR2, inflammatory monocytes, micelles, myocardial infarction
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