Effect of basic fibroblast growth factor and cytochrome c peroxidase combination in transgenic mice corneal epithelial healing process after excimer laser photoablation
Sergio Zaccaria Scalinci1, Lucia Scorolli1, Alessandro Meduri2, Pier Luigi Grenga3, Giulia Corradetti1, Cristian Metrangolo1
1Low Vision Center – University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; 2Department of Surgical Specialities, Ophthalmology Clinic, University of Messina, Messina, Italy; 3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy
Purpose: To evaluate the role of prepared basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and cytochrome c peroxidase (CCP) combination eyedrops in corneal epithelial healing of transgenic mice (B6(A)-Rperd12/J ) after excimer laser photoablation.
Materials and methods: In this prospective study, 216 eyes of 108 mice underwent bilateral photorefractive keratectomy. We considered 4 groups: A, B, C, and D. Group A received standard topical postoperative therapy with tobramycin, diclofenac, and dexamethasone eyedrops plus CCP at 3 drops per day for a week or until corneal re-epithelialization was achieved. Group B received standard topical postoperative therapy plus bFGF eyedrops and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) 3 drops per day for a week or until corneal re-epithelialization was complete. In group C, 1 eye received standard topical postoperative therapy plus CCP eyedrops, bFGF eyedrops, and PBS 3 drops per day for a week or until corneal re-epithelialization was complete. Control eyes (group D) received a standard topical postoperative therapy plus placebo eyedrops. Mice were followed-up for a week from the day after the surgery to evaluate the rate of corneal re-epithelialization.
Results: Data were analyzed by ANOVA using the XLSTAT 2010 software. Eyes in group A, B, and C healed completely before the fifth postoperative day, achieving, respectively, a re-epithelialization time of 92 hours ± 10 SD, 90 hours ± 12 SD, and 86 hours ± 12 SD. Group D had a re-epithelialization time of 121 hours ± 8 SD (P < 0.05). No side effects or toxic effects were documented.
Conclusions: Results suggest that re-epithelialization after phototherapeutic keratectomy can benefit from topical therapy with CCP/bFGF combination eyedrops. Further clinical studies are needed to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of these eyedrops to prevent corneal haze.
Keywords: cytochrome c peroxidase, bFGF, corneal wound healing, excimer laser photoablation, transgenic mice, refractive surgery
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