Back to Journals » Journal of Pain Research » Volume 12

Educational intervention for promoting stretching exercise behavior among a sample of Iranian office employees: applying the Health Promotion Model

Authors Delshad MH, Tavafian SS, Kazemnejad A

Received 10 August 2018

Accepted for publication 21 November 2018

Published 22 February 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 733—742


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael A Überall

Mohammad Hossein Delshad,1 Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian,1 Anoshirvan Kazemnejad2

1Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran; 2Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Introduction: Health Promotion Model (HPM) is one comprehensive model by which health behavior predicting factors could be determined.
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a designed interventional program based on HPM on promoting stretching exercise (SE) behavior among office employees.
Patients and methods: This interventional designed study was carried out on 87 office employees who were working in the three health networks affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran. These participants were randomly divided into intervention group (N=44) who complied with educational program based on HPM and control group (N=43) who did not receive the program. The data were collected through a demographic questionnaire and a researcher-made questionnaire based on HPM at three times of baseline, 3- and 6-month follow-ups and analyzed using SPSS version 19.
Results: Totally, 40 office employees with mean age of (37.70±7.40) in intervention and 37 ones with mean age of (35.97±7.34) in control group were assessed. At baseline, both groups were the same regarding the HPM constructs of perceived barriers, perceived self-efficacy, commitment to plan, and interpersonal influences (P>0.05). However, following intervention, there was a significant difference between two groups during 6-month follow-up in all these predictor factors (P<0.0001). Furthermore, the mean score of SE behavior in intervention group (22.43±6.50) was significantly better than the control group (15.45±0.93) (P<0.001). The pain severity also in intervention group (1±1.22) also was significantly less than control group (2±2.03) after 6-month follow-up (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The SE educational programs applied in this study were effective for promoting SE among office employees.

Keywords: educational intervention, stretching exercises, Health Promotion Model, office employees

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]