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Ectopic lingual thyroid with vascular anomalies

Authors Bianco MR, La Boria A, Franco T, Ferrise P, Allegra E

Received 20 June 2013

Accepted for publication 11 July 2013

Published 4 September 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 55—58


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

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Maria Rita Bianco, Alessandro La Boria, Teresa Franco, Pierpaolo Ferrise, Eugenia Allegra

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy

Background: Lingual thyroid represents 90% of ectopic thyroid tissue localizations. The first case was described by Hickman in 1869. An ectopic thyroid is often asymptomatic, but pathological or physiological conditions inducing hyperproduction of thyroid-stimulating hormone can lead an ectopic thyroid to become symptomatic. Treatment of the symptomatic ectopic thyroid can be medical, with hormone-suppressing therapy, or surgical.
Case presentation: A 17-year-old female presented to our outpatient clinic complaining of a sensation of a lump in her throat. Ear, nose, and throat (ENT) examination identified a swelling of the base of the tongue in the glossoepiglottic area. Thyroid scintigraphy showed a single contrast enhancement in the sublingual region, instead of in the normal anatomical position of the thyroid. She was treated surgically after failed hormone-suppressing therapy. An arteriography performed before the surgery showed vascular anomalies and was useful in surgical planning.
Conclusion: Recognition of vascular anomalies in an ectopic thyroid is fundamental before surgical planning, therefore, accurate radiological study of the vasculature should always be planned before surgical treatment of this disease.

Keywords: ectopic thyroid, arteriography, transoral approach, tongue

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