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Dual micelles-loaded gelatin nanofibers and their application in lipopolysaccharide-induced periodontal disease

Authors Wang Y, Li H, Feng Y, Jiang P, Su J, Huang C

Received 31 July 2018

Accepted for publication 22 November 2018

Published 5 February 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 963—976


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun

Yabing Wang,1 Haoxuan Li,2 Yanhuizhi Feng,3 Peilin Jiang,2 Jiansheng Su,1 Chen Huang2

1Department of Prosthodontics, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Tongji University, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Tooth Restoration and Regeneration, Shanghai 200072, China; 2Key Laboratory of Textile Science & Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China; 3Department of Periodontics, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Tongji University, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Tooth Restoration and Regeneration, Shanghai 200072, China

Introduction: Combined therapies utilizing inhibitors to remove pathogens are needed to suppress lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced periodontal disease. We prepared a novel, multi-agent delivery scaffold for periodontal treatment.
Methods: In this study, we synthesized SP600125 (a JNK inhibitor) and SB203580 (a p38 inhibitor) drug-loaded poly(ethylene glycol)-block-caprolactone copolymer via dialysis method. The physical property of micelles was characterized through dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. The cell growth and LPS-induced MMP-2 and MMP-13 expression were evaluated through CCK-8, real-time PCR and Western blot assay. The release of SP600125 and SB203580 from different scaffolds was estimated. Microcomputed tomography and histology were used for evaluating the effect of the micelles-loaded nanofibers on the treatment of class II furcation defects in dogs.
Results: The drug was then successfully incorporated into gelatin fibers during electrospinning process. We confirmed that the micelles had spherical structure and an average particle size of 160 nm for SP600125-micelles (SP-Ms) and 150 nm for SB203580-micelles (SB-Ms). The nanofiber scaffold showed excellent encapsulation capability, in vitro drug-release behavior, and cell compatibility. Real-time PCR and Western blot assay further indicated that LPS-induced MMP-2 and MMP-13 expression was significantly inhibited by the scaffold.
Conclusion: The results suggested that the dual drug-loaded system developed in this study might become a highly effective therapy for periodontal disease.

Keywords: periodontal disease, controlled release, drug-loaded micelles, electrospun nanofibers, scaffold

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