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Does the type of treatment have an influence on utility values in a glaucoma population?

Authors Paletta Guedes R, Paletta Guedes V, Freitas S, Chaoubah A

Received 18 July 2015

Accepted for publication 18 August 2015

Published 7 September 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 1645—1650

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S92653

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cem Ozgonul

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Ricardo Augusto Paletta Guedes,1–3 Vanessa Maria Paletta Guedes,1–3 Sirley Maria Freitas,2 Alfredo Chaoubah1

1Federal University of Juiz de Fora, 2Paletta Guedes Ophthalmological Center, 3Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil

Purpose: To assess the impact of glaucoma therapy on utility values in a glaucoma population.
Methods: A cross-sectional study of consecutive glaucoma patients was conducted. Utility values were obtained using the time trade-off method. Visual function variables (visual acuity and mean deviation in the better eye) and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics (age, sex, race, educational level, type of glaucoma, current and past glaucoma treatments, and comorbidities) were also obtained for statistical analysis. We divided the patients into three groups: medical treatment (group 1), surgical treatment (group 2), and mixed surgical and medical treatment (group 3).
Results: Mean age of the study population (n=225) was 65.7 years. After controlling for glaucoma stage (early, moderate, and advanced), the difference among the groups in mean utility values was not statistically significant. Number of medications per patient, type of medication, or type of surgical technique did not have an impact on the utility values.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the type of therapy did not affect the utility values in a glaucoma population.

Keywords: quality of life, glaucoma treatment, glaucoma surgery

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