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Diagnostic accuracy of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in patients with septic acute kidney injury

Authors Patel M, Sachan R, Shyam R, Kumar S, Kamal R, Misra A

Received 20 February 2016

Accepted for publication 1 April 2016

Published 11 July 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 161—169


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Pravin Singhal

Munna Lal Patel,1 Rekha Sachan,2 Radhey Shyam,3 Satish Kumar,1 Ritul Kamal,4 Arvind Misra1

1Department of Medicine, 2Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 3Department of Geriatric Intensive Care Unit, King George Medical University, 4Epidemiology Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR-IITR), Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Background: Sepsis is the most common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). Very few studies have investigated the predictive properties of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) as a marker of AKI in septic patients. The aim of this study is to examine uNGAL in septic patients with and without AKI and to evaluate its predictive value.
Methods: We prospectively studied 155 patients with sepsis over a period of 1 year. Urine was analyzed for neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin at 12, 24, and 48 hours after admission. Patients with <24-hour stay and those with chronic kidney disease were excluded. AKI was classified according to the Acute Kidney Injury Network guidelines.
Results: The differences in mean change of uNGAL at 12, 24, and 48 hours were 80.00±7.00 ng/mL and 128.13±22.46 ng/mL, respectively in septic AKI, and 02.07±0.80 ng/mL and 26.13±15.12 ng/mL, respectively in septic non-AKI. At baseline or 12 hours, the cutoff value of 34.32 ng/mL had a sensitivity and specificity of 86.36 and 80.60, respectively and an area under curve of 0.81 (95% CI: 0.73–0.89) for predicting AKI. At the cutoff value 199.99 ng/mL sensitivity and specificity of 90.0 and 64.66, respectively and an area under curve of 0.82 (95% CI, 0.75–0.88) for predicting AKI.
Conclusion: The baseline or 12-hour uNGAL is highly sensitive but a less specific predictor of AKI in septic patients.

Keywords: septicemia, AKI, urinary NGAL, diagnostic accuracy

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