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Diagnosis and management of peripheral artery disease in women

Authors Walker JP, Hiramoto JS

Received 18 October 2012

Accepted for publication 8 November 2012

Published 14 December 2012 Volume 2012:4 Pages 625—634

DOI https://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S31073

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Joy Peacock Walker, Jade S Hiramoto

Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA

Abstract: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the USA. Not only is it a major cause of functional impairment and limb loss, but it is also strongly associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death. Large population studies have demonstrated high rates of PAD in women, but this is not widely recognized by the public or by clinicians. One potential reason for this is that women with PAD are more likely than men to be asymptomatic or have atypical symptoms. In addition, women with PAD experience higher rates of functional decline and may have poorer outcomes after surgical treatment for PAD compared with men. Currently, it is not known if there are sex-specific differences in risk factors for the onset, progression, and surgical outcomes of PAD. This review will focus on the diagnosis and management of PAD in women and examine sex-specific differences in the prevalence, risk factors, presentation, and outcomes of this disease.

Keywords: women, peripheral artery diseases, diagnosis, risk factors, management

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