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Development of a Culturally Tailored Motivational Interviewing-Based Intervention to Improve Medication Adherence in South Asian Patients

Authors Singh P, Campbell T, LeBlanc P, King-Shier KM

Received 17 October 2019

Accepted for publication 4 March 2020

Published 21 April 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 757—765


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Pavneet Singh,1 Tavis Campbell,2 Pamela LeBlanc,1 Kathryn M King-Shier1,3

1Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada; 2Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada; 3Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Correspondence: Kathryn M King-Shier
Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada

Background: South Asians (SAs) are among the fastest growing ethnic population in Western countries and have a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases relative to the general population. SAs living in Canada also have poorer adherence to medical regimens for treating cardiovascular disease, relative to other ethnic groups. Motivational interviewing (MI) maybe effective in improving health-related behaviour change in patients; however, the research is nascent on the effectiveness of MI in SAs and may also require cultural adaptation.
Aim: To develop a culturally tailored MI-based intervention to improve medication adherence in hypertensive SA patients living in Canada.
Methods: Previous literature about medication adherence in SAs was reviewed, along with transcripts and responses to open-ended survey questions from our previous studies with SAs, to draft an MI intervention manual. The manual received extensive feedback from the study team, SA community members and health-care providers who work with SA patients. The feedback was used to refine the manual and make it culturally tailored and relevant to SA hypertensive patients living in Canada.
Results: A culturally tailored MI-based manual which we called a “motivational communication manual” was developed to support a study focused on improving medication adherence in SA hypertensive patients. The development process, components (eg, being culturally sensitive, family involvement, providing education about medications, reminders, etc.) and cultural nuances included in the manual are described in this paper.
Conclusion: This is the first culturally tailored MI-based intervention manual that has been developed with the aim of improving medication adherence in hypertensive SA patients and that includes direct feedback from SA community members. Use of this manual may improve the accessibility and adoption of MI-based practices in improving health behaviours in SAs living in Canada as well as encourage further research studies and clinical trials with SA patients.

Keywords: motivational interviewing, medication adherence, South Asians, ethnicity, hypertension

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