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Determinants of Medication Adherence for Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients During Continuation Phase in Dalian, Northeast China

Authors Du L, Chen X, Zhu X, Zhang Y, Wu R, Xu J, Ji H, Zhou L, Lu X

Received 26 December 2019

Accepted for publication 11 June 2020

Published 7 July 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1119—1128


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu

Liang Du,1 Xu Chen,1 Xuexue Zhu,1 Yu Zhang,1 Ruiheng Wu,1 Jia Xu,1 Haoqiang Ji,1 Ling Zhou,1 Xiwei Lu2

1School of Public Health, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning 116044, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Tuberculosis Internal Medicine, Dalian Tuberculosis Hospital, Dalian, Liaoning 116031, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Ling Zhou; Xiwei Lu Tel +86-411-8611-0368

Purpose: Medication adherence is crucial for decreasing the burden of tuberculosis, but few relevant studies have been conducted in northeast China. This study aimed to explore the level of medication adherence among pulmonary tuberculosis outpatients and the predictive factors based on the bio-psycho-social medical model.
Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional multi-center survey was conducted in four tuberculosis medical institutions in Dalian, northeast China. Medication adherence was measured using the eight-item Chinese version of the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale, which divides adherence into three levels. The independent variables consisted of sociodemographic characteristics, treatment factors, knowledge about TB, mental health, and behavioral characteristics. Descriptive statistics, the chi-square test, and multivariate ordinal logistic regression were applied to analyze the data using Stata/MP 14.0.
Results: Among the 564 eligible participants, 236 (41.84%) and 183 (32.45%) exhibited high and medium medication adherence, respectively, but 145 (25.71%) exhibited low medication adherence. Multivariate ordinal logistic regression showed that patients who were older (OR: 1.02, p=0.013) were employed (OR: 1.61, p=0.011), had better tuberculosis knowledge (OR: 1.34, p< 0.001), and did not consume alcohol (OR: 1.84, p=0.032) exhibited higher medication adherence. However, patients who did not follow their doctors’ advice to take adjuvant drugs (OR: 0.44, p=0.001), had a history of TB treatment (OR: 1.76, p=0.009), experienced adverse drug reactions (OR: 0.65, p=0.017), experienced stigma (OR: 0.67, p=0.032), and needed supervised treatment (OR: 0.66, p=0.012) exhibited lower medication adherence.
Conclusion: Tuberculosis patients’ medication adherence was not very high and it was influenced by diverse and complex factors involving sociodemographic characteristics, treatment factors, knowledge about TB, mental health, and behavioral characteristics.

Keywords: tuberculosis patients, treatment, influence factors, bio-psycho-social medical model, Chinese context

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