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Detection and characterization of a clinical Escherichia coli ST3204 strain coproducing NDM-16 and MCR-1

Authors Li X, Mu X, Zhang P, Zhao D, Ji J, Quan J, Zhu Y, Yu Y

Received 23 May 2018

Accepted for publication 13 June 2018

Published 15 August 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 1189—1195

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S175041

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony


Xi Li,1,* Xinli Mu,2,* Ping Zhang,2 Dongdong Zhao,2 Jingshu Ji,3 Jingjing Quan,2 Yongze Zhu,1 Yunsong Yu2

1Centre of Laboratory Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, People’s Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, China; 2Department of Infectious Diseases, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310016, China; 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310016, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objectives: A plasmid-mediated colistin resistance gene, mcr-1, has been reported worldwide and has caused concern regarding a major therapeutic challenge. Alarmingly, mcr-1 has spread into clinical carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates, resulting in extensively drug-resistant and even pan drug-resistant isolates that can cause untreatable infections. In this study, we report isolation of an extensively drug-resistant Escherichia coli strain EC1188 that coproduces NDM-16 and MCR-1 from a urine sample taken from a patient with craniocerebral injury.
Materials and methods: E. coli strain EC1188 was identified and subjected to genotyping, susceptibility testing and conjugation experiments. The genetic locations of blaNDM-16 and mcr-1 were established with southern blot hybridization. The complete genome sequence of this strain was obtained and the genetic characteristics of the mcr-1- and blaNDM-16-harboring plasmids were analyzed. In addition, comparative genetic analyses of mcr-1 and blaNDM-16 with closely related plasmids were also carried out.
Results: Whole-genome sequencing revealed that strain EC1188 possess various resistance genes and virulence genes. S1-pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and southern blot suggested that the blaNDM-16 and mcr-1 genes were located on an ~65 kb plasmid and an ~80 kb plasmid, respectively. Moreover, the two genes could successfully transfer their resistance phenotype to E. coli strain C600. Sequence analysis showed that these two plasmids possessed high sequence similarity to previously reported blaNDM-5-harboring and mcr-1-harboring plasmids in China.
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to isolate an E. coli strain that coproduces NDM-16 and MCR-1. In addition, we characterized the blaNDM-16-harboring plasmid for the first time. Our study further emphasizes that the co-occurrence of the two prevalent transferrable resistance plasmids in a single isolate is highly significant because infections caused by MCR-1–producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates are increasing each year. It is imperative to perform active surveillance to prevent further dissemination of MCR-1–producing CRE isolates.

Keywords: E. coli, mcr-1, NDM-16, CRE, colistin resistance, extensively drug-resistant bacteria

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