Depression and drug utilization in an elderly population
Authors Raffaele Antonelli Incalz, Andrea Corsonello, Claudio Pedone, Francesco Corica, Pierugo Carbonin
Published 15 April 2005 Volume 2005:1(1) Pages 55—60
Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi1,4, Andrea Corsonello2,4, Claudio Pedone1,4, Francesco Corica3,4, Pierugo Carbonin1,4
1Centro di Medicina dell’Invecchiamento, Policlinico A Gemelli, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy; 2Istituto Nazionale di Ricovero e Cura per Anziani (INRCA), Cosenza, Italy; 3Dipartimento di Medicina Interna, Università degli Studi di Messina, Messina, Italy; 4On behalf of the Gruppo Italiano di Farmacovigilanza nell’Anziano (GIFA) investigators
Objective: To verify whether depression, defined as a 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) > 6, is associated with greater drug utilization by elderly patients.
Population: 2568 patients enrolled in the Gruppo Italiano di Farmacovigilanza nell’Anziano (GIFA) study.
Main outcome measure: Polypharmacy, ie, the daily use of at least 3 drugs, excluding antidepressant and anxiolytic agents, in the month prior to admission.
Method: Home therapy data were collected according to a validated procedure. Correlates of polypharmacy were assessed by logistic regression analysis in the whole population and in subgroups for which indexes of disease severity were available.
Results: GDS > 6 was found to be positively correlated with polypharmacy (odds ratio 1.22; 95% confidence interval 1.01–1.48) as were older age, comorbidity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, and renal failure. Negative correlates of polypharmacy were smoking habit and alcohol consumption, and GDS > 6 was negatively associated with the use of analgesic (11.8% vs 15.6%, p = 0.012). In the subgroups with congestive heart failure and chronic renal failure, GDS > 6 was strictly associated with greater disease severity, but did not correlate with polypharmacy in multivariable models including indexes of disease severity.
Conclusions: Depressed mood is associated with polypharmacy in the broad elderly population. However, when indexes of disease severity were considered, the association was lost, indicating that depression is a marker of the burden of disease and does not increase drug consumption per se.
Keywords: depression, drugs, elderly, polypharmacy