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Defining medication adherence in individual patients

Authors Morrison A, Stauffer M, Kaufman A

Received 8 April 2015

Accepted for publication 7 May 2015

Published 1 July 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 893—897

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S86249

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Alan Morrison, Melissa E Stauffer, Anna S Kaufman

ScribCo, Effort, PA, USA

Background: The classification of patients as adherent or non-adherent to medications is typically based on an arbitrary threshold for the proportion of prescribed doses taken. Here, we define a patient as pharmacokinetically adherent if the serum drug levels resulting from his/her pattern of medication-taking behavior remained within the therapeutic range.
Methods: We used pharmacokinetic modeling to calculate serum drug levels in patients whose patterns of dosing were recorded by a medication event monitoring system. Medication event monitoring system data were from a previously published study of seven psoriasis patients prescribed 40 mg subcutaneous adalimumab at 14-day intervals for 1 year. Daily serum concentrations of adalimumab were calculated and compared with a known therapeutic threshold.
Results: None of the seven patients took adalimumab precisely every 14 days. Three patients who took adalimumab at intervals of 6–26 days could be classified as pharmacokinetically adherent, because their daily adalimumab serum concentration never fell below the therapeutic threshold. The four other patients, who took adalimumab at intervals of 7–93 days, could be classified as pharmacokinetically non-adherent, because their adalimumab serum concentration fell below the therapeutic threshold on 3.5%–71.3% of days.
Conclusion: Patients with varying patterns of adalimumab dosing could be classified as pharmacokinetically adherent or non-adherent according to whether or not their serum drug concentrations remained within the therapeutic range.

Keywords: pharmacokinetic adherence, drug therapy/utilization, drug administration schedule, patient compliance, adalimumab, pharmacokinetics

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