Dairy consumption and acne: a case control study in Kabul, Afghanistan
Authors Aalemi AK, Anwar I, Chen H
Received 14 April 2019
Accepted for publication 27 May 2019
Published 1 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 481—487
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg
Ahmad Khalid Aalemi,1,2 Idris Anwar,3 Hongxiang Chen1
1Department of Dermatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China; 2Department of Epidemiology, Kabul University of Medical Sciences, Kabul 1001, Afghanistan; 3Department of Environmental Health, Kabul University of Medical Sciences, Kabul 1001, Afghanistan
Background: Previous observational studies suggest that the development of acne may be triggered by dairy intake.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association of dairy intake and acne in Kabul citizens.
Methods: From February to September 2018, 279 acne patients and 279 controls aged 10–24 years were enrolled in a case control study at the dermatologic outpatient department of Maiwand Teaching Hospital in Kabul City, Afghanistan. The acne severity was determined by a dermatologist using the Global Acne Severity Scale.
Results: The consumption of whole milk 3 days or more per week was associated with moderate to severe acne (OR =2.36, 95% CI, 1.39–4.01). The association for low fat milk was less marked than for whole milk (OR 1.95 CI, 1.10–3.45). The risk was increased in those with a family history of acne in siblings (OR =4.13, 95% CI, 2.55–6.69). The risk was reduced in subjects doing physical exercise. No association with smoking emerged. A protective effect was associated with chicken consumption (OR =0.27, 95% CI, 0.15–0.49). Consumption of chocolate and chips was positively associated with acne.
Conclusion: This study showed an association between high intakes of dairy products and acne in adolescence suggesting that dairy intake may be a factor contributing to acne.
Keywords: acne, milk, dairy, dietary, case-control study, Kabul
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]