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Cut-Off Values of Foveal Vascular Indices in Exfoliation Glaucoma

Authors Kocatürk T, Zivkovic M, Dayanır V

Received 25 December 2020

Accepted for publication 15 February 2021

Published 9 April 2021 Volume 2021:15 Pages 1453—1462


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Tolga Kocatürk,1 Maja Zivkovic,2 Volkan Dayanır3

1Department of Ophthalmology, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Turkey; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Batıgöz Hospital, Izmir, Turkey

Correspondence: Tolga Kocatürk
Aydın Adnan Menderes Universitesi, Tip FakultesiHastanesi, Goz Hast, AD, Aydin, 09100, Turkey
Tel +90 533 344 4111
Fax +90 256 214 6495
Email [email protected]

Purpose: To compare the vascular measurements obtained from fovea including foveal avascular zone (FAZ) with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) between patients with exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) and healthy controls.
Methods: This cross-sectional comparative study included 54 XFG patients and 94 healthy subjects. All subjects were given a complete ophthalmological examination including visual field testing, retinal nerve fiber layer and macular ganglion cell complex analysis. OCTA was performed to evaluate the vascular features of fovea including FAZ. The measurements of vessel density (VD), perfusion density (PD) and FAZ values were segmented and calculated using the inbuilt software on OCTA. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were performed to determine the best cut-off values to detect the disease.
Results: In the XFG group, decreased VD, PD and FAZ values were observed. ROC analysis showed an obvious separation, differentiating the patients with XFG from the healthy controls at cut-off value of 19.55 with a sensitivity (sen) of 92.3% and a specificity (spe) of 81.9%) for VD total and 21.20 (sen:100 and spe:78.7) for VD parafoveal; 0.36 (sen:98.1and spe:76.6) for PDtotal and 0.378 (sen:96.2and spe:84) for PDparafoveal; 0.635 (sen: 79.3 and spe:72) for FAZ circulatory index.
Conclusion: The results support the findings of decreased microvascular density on foveal region in XFG. The cut off values of the changes in the foveal parameters in patients with exfoliation may be useful in evaluation of future glaucoma management to show how far a particular exfoliative eye is positioned from an healthy eye and how close to XFG.

Keywords: exfoliation glaucoma, optical coherence tomography angiography, foveal avascular zone

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