COVID-19: What Should the General Practitioner Know?
Received 20 June 2020
Accepted for publication 25 August 2020
Published 7 January 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 43—56
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker
Bogna Grygiel-Górniak, Mary-Tiffany Oduah
Department of Rheumatology, Rehabilitation and Internal Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Correspondence: Bogna Grygiel-Górniak
Uniwersytet Medyczny Im. K. Marcinkowskiego, Zip-Code 61-701, Poznań, Poland
Tel +48 505 399 907
Fax +48 61 8310 317
Background: SARS-CoV-2 infection is currently the most significant public health challenge. Its presentation ranges from mild to severe respiratory failure and septic shock. Rapid transmission of the virus is dangerous with a high possibility of life-threatening complications. Lack of treatment standards for SARS-CoV-2 is responsible for the current dilemma in clinical medicine.
Methods: An electronic literature search was done using PubMed to gather information on the pathogenesis, transmission of infection, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, and therapeutic options for COVID-19. Search items included “SARS-CoV-2”, “COVID-19” and “coronavirus infection”.
Results: In light of the current global crisis caused by SARS-CoV-2, the exchange of information within the scientific community should be quick and extremely transparent. Thus, this review presents the available information necessary for a general practitioner. Such presentation of data should allow the reader quick access to basic and crucial information related to epidemiology, viral transmission, clinical symptoms, diagnostics, treatment, and complications that may occur in the course of COVID-19.
Conclusion: Rapidly increasing amounts of information about the diagnosis and treatment of patients with SARS-CoV-2 allow a better understanding of the etiology and course of the infection. In the current epidemiological situation, readily accessible information helps minimize the time to acquire knowledge and focus on prevention methods, diagnostic and treatment options. Thus, this review highlights key issues related to SARS-CoV-2 infection and contains the most useful data for daily medical practice.
Keywords: coronavirus, COVID-19, signs, diagnosis, treatment