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Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia: Challenges and Prospects Regarding Diagnosis and Control Strategies in Africa

Authors Alhaji NB, Ankeli PI, Ikpa LT, Babalobi OO

Received 1 May 2020

Accepted for publication 13 July 2020

Published 19 August 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 71—85


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Young Lyoo

Nma Bida Alhaji,1 Paul Idoko Ankeli,2 Livinus Terhemba Ikpa,2 Olutayo Olajide Babalobi3

1Public Health and Epidemiology Department, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Minna, Nigeria; 2Mycoplasma Laboratory, Bacterial Research Division, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria; 3Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence: Nma Bida Alhaji
Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, AbdulKareem Lafene Secretariat Complex, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Minna PMB 175, Nigeria
Email [email protected]

Abstract: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious and contagious respiratory disease of cattle, caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm). In this review, basic epidemiological features of CBPP, complicated by existing different strains of Mycoplasmas with similar biochemical characteristics, with preference to Sub-Saharan Africa are discussed. Many sub-Saharan African countries are challenged by variable gaps that include diagnostic tools and control strategies. Science-based issues on diagnostic procedures, vaccination, treatment, and other control strategies are discussed. Participatory epidemiology (PE), a diagnostic technique used in the identification and solving of animal health problems in rural communities, was also discussed. PE application, in conjunction with conventional diagnostic tools, will improve CBPP identification in pastoral rural communities and promote control of the disease in Africa. Furthermore, adequate CBPP control can be achieved through stronger political commitments from governments by prioritizing the disease among major diseases of high economic importance to the livestock industry for surveillance and control. Investment in CBPP control in endemic African countries will assure food security, livelihoods and the general well-being of people, and international trade.

Keywords: contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides, economic impact, diagnostic tools, control strategies, sub-Saharan Africa

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