Comparison of variations in cornea after one-handed and two-handed coaxial phacoemulsification
Received 25 April 2018
Accepted for publication 19 June 2018
Published 19 September 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1815—1822
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Panpan Li,1,2 Yujian Zhang,1 Lihua Kang,1 Yu Guan,1 Jian Wu,1 Huaijin Guan1
1Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China; 2Department of Ophthalmology, The First People’s Hospital of Nantong, Nantong, China
Purpose: To compare corneal variations in patients undergoing one-handed and two-handed coaxial phacoemulsification.
Setting: Eye Institute, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China.
Design: Prospective consecutive nonrandomized comparative cohort study.
Methods: Patients with cataracts were subject to one-handed (one-handed group) or two-handed coaxial phacoemulsification (two-handed group). Intraoperative phaco parameters and postoperative outcomes, such as visual acuity, surgically induced astigmatism (SIA), corneal volume, central corneal thickness, and corneal endothelial cell counts/size were compared.
Results: No significant differences in the intraoperative phaco parameters were noted between the 2 groups. At postoperative week 1, visual outcomes were significantly improved in the one-handed compared with the two-handed group (all P<0.05). Corneal volume, central corneal thickness, and average cell size were significantly decreased in the one-handed group compared with two-handed group (all P<0.05), but the aforementioned differences were ameliorated at 1 month and 3 months postoperatively. Endothelial cell loss was significantly decreased in the one-handed group compared with the two-handed group at any follow-up point (all P<0.05). No significant differences in SIA on the anterior surface were noted between the 2 groups. SIA on the posterior surface was significantly decreased in the one-handed group compared with the two-handed group at 1 week postoperatively (P=0.043) but not at 1 month and 3 months postoperatively.
Conclusion: One-handed phacoemulsification has the advantages of less trauma to the cornea and better early visual outcomes compared with the two-handed technique.
Keywords: one-handed, phacoemulsification, corneal volume, central corneal thickness, corneal endothelial cell
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