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Comparison of SWAP and SAP on the point of glaucoma conversion

Authors Havvas I, Papaconstantinou D, Moschos MM, Theodossiadis PG, Andreanos V, Ekatomatis P, Vergados I, Andreanos D

Received 20 June 2013

Accepted for publication 30 July 2013

Published 19 September 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 1805—1810

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S50231

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Ioannis Havvas,1,2 Dimitris Papaconstantinou,1 Marilita M Moschos,1 Panagiotis G Theodossiadis,1 Vasilios Andreanos,1 Pantelis Ekatomatis,1 Ioannis Vergados,1 Dimitrios Andreanos1

1Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, General Hospital of Athens, Athens, 2Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital of Patras, Patras, Greece

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the two perimetric modalities, SWAP (short wavelength automated perimetry) and SAP (standard automated perimetry), on the point of conversion to glaucoma.
Methods: In this prospective, longitudinal, follow-up study, 282 patients with ocular hypertension were recruited consecutively and tested with both SAP and SWAP annually for 5 years or until the onset of conversion to glaucoma. SAP and SWAP perimetry was performed with the Humphrey Field Analyzer II using the 24-2 full-threshold test. Abnormality for both SAP and SWAP fields was determined on the pattern deviation plot and defined as either a) one point below the 0.5% probability level or b) a cluster of 2 or more points below 1% or c) a cluster of 3 or more points below 2% or d) a cluster of 4 or more points below 5%. Abnormal tests had to be confirmed on a subsequent test within one year to be classified as conversion.
Results: Of the 282 patients initially recruited, 32 were excluded. Of the 250 remaining patients, a total of 38 converted during the follow-up period; 36.8% of conversions were detected earlier with SWAP, 29% simultaneously, and 34.2% were not detected with SWAP during the follow-up period; 2.4% of patients showed SWAP visual field loss that did not result in conversion during the follow-up period.
Conclusion: The results in our study are inconclusive. There were patients with earlier, simultaneous, or no SWAP conversion, with SAP conversion as the golden standard criterion. One should consider both SAP and SWAP with confirmation when visual field loss is evident to maximize early detection of glaucoma, because it appears that each method identifies early glaucoma in a subset of patients and these subsets overlap only partially.

Keywords: short wavelength automated perimetry, standard automated perimetry, blue on yellow, glaucoma conversion, ocular hypertension

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