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Comparison of intraocular pressure adjusted by central corneal thickness or corneal biomechanical properties as measured in glaucomatous eyes using noncontact tonometers and the Goldmann applanation tonometer

Authors Yaoeda K, Fukushima A, Shirakashi M, Fukuchi T

Received 20 February 2016

Accepted for publication 15 March 2016

Published 11 May 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 829—834

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S106836

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Gokcen Gökçe

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Kiyoshi Yaoeda,1,2 Atsushi Fukushima,1 Motohiro Shirakashi,3 Takeo Fukuchi2

1Yaoeda Eye Clinic, Nagaoka, 2Division of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 3Kido Eye Clinic, Niigata, Japan

Purpose: To investigate the correlation coefficients between intraocular pressure (IOP) before and after adjusting for central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal biomechanical properties.
Patients and methods:
A total of 218 eyes of 218 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (mean age =71.5 years; mean spherical equivalent =-0.51 D; mean deviation determined by Humphrey visual field analyzer =-3.22 dB) were included in this study. The tIOP and tIOPCCT, which were adjusted by the CCT (with tIOP meaning IOP not adjusted by CCT, as determined using the CT-1P; and tIOPCCT meaning IOP adjusted by CCT, as determined using the CT-1P), were determined using a noncontact tonometer. The IOPg and IOPCCT, which were adjusted by CCT, and IOPcc adjusted by corneal biomechanical properties were determined using a Reichert 7CR (with IOPg meaning IOP not adjusted by CCT or corneal biomechanical properties, as determined using the Reichert 7CR; IOPCCT meaning IOP adjusted by CCT, as determined using the Reichert 7CR; and IOPcc meaning IOP adjusted by corneal biomechanical properties, as determined using the Reichert 7CR). The GT and GTCCT adjusted by CCT were determined using a Goldmann applanation tonometer (with GT meaning IOP not adjusted by CCT, as determined using the Goldmann applanation tonometer; and with GTCCT meaning IOP adjusted by CCT, as determined using the GAT). Pearson’s correlation coefficients among the IOPs were calculated and compared. P-values <0.05 were considered as statistically significant.
Results:
The tIOP, tIOPCCT, IOPg, IOPCCT, IOPcc, GT, and GTCCT were 14.8±2.5, 15.0±2.4, 13.1±3.2, 13.3±3.1, 13.7±2.9, 13.2±2.4, and 13.4±2.3 mmHg (mean ± standard deviation), respectively. The correlation coefficient between tIOPCCT and tIOP (r=0.979) was significantly higher than that between tIOPCCT and the other IOPs (r=0.668–0.852; P<0.001, respectively). The correlation coefficient between IOPCCT and IOPg (r=0.994) or IOPcc and IOPg (r=0.892) was significantly higher than that between IOPCCT or IOPcc and the other IOPs (r=0.669–0.740; P<0.001, respectively). The correlation coefficient between GTCCT and GT (r=0.989) was significantly higher than that between GTCCT and the other IOPs (r=0.669–0.740; P<0.001, respectively).
Conclusion:
The IOP adjusted by CCT or corneal biomechanical properties depends on the measurement instrument itself, rather than the adjustment methods, for eyes of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma.

Keywords: ocular response analyzer, corneal biomechanical property, corneal hysteresis, glaucoma, intraocular pressure

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