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Comparison Between Processus Vaginalis Sac Tightening Technique and the Conventional Technique in Orchiopexy Surgery Over 10 Years

Authors Shirazi M, Safavi S, Makarem A, Malekmakan L

Received 14 November 2019

Accepted for publication 9 March 2020

Published 18 March 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 129—136


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jan Colli

Mehdi Shirazi,1,2 Salar Safavi,1,3 Alireza Makarem,1 Leila Malekmakan3

1Department of Urology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 2Histomorphometry and Stereology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 3Shiraz Nephro-Urology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence: Salar Safavi
Department of Urology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Tel/Fax +98-713-2326645

Background: Undescended testis (UDT) is a common congenital urogenital anomaly that is treated by orchiopexy. We aimed to introduce patent processus vaginalis (PPV) sac tightening (PVST) technique and compare it to the conventional technique.
Methods: We retrospectively studied all the operated UDT patients during 10 years. In the conventional technique, it was necessary to ligate PPV sac after being peeled off from the spermatic cord. PVST was dissected longitudinally from the two sides of where the PPV sac wall was attached to the spermatic cord till the proximal part, and only a narrow thin layer sticking to the spermatic cord was left and the proximal PVV sac opening was tightened as much as possible with vicryl suture at the internal inguinal ring level. The significance level was < 0.05.
Results: Of 821 orchiopexy (mean age 24.5± 24.2 months), 36.3% were done by conventional and 63.7% by PVST technique. Hematoma, edema, hydrocele, and wound infection were lower in the PVST technique, but it was not significant (p> 0.05). Testicular atrophy and operation time were significantly lower in the PVST than the conventional technique (p< 0.001).
Conclusion: The orchiopexy PVST technique has lower complications and seems to be easier, faster and safer than the conventional technique.

Keywords: UDT, orchiopexy, testis atrophy, hernia, PVST technique

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