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Comparison Between PPOS and GnRHa-Long Protocol in Clinical Outcome with the First IVF/ICSI Cycle: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Authors Xi Q, Tao Y, Qiu M, Wang Y, Kuang Y

Received 7 August 2019

Accepted for publication 6 February 2020

Published 3 March 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 261—272

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S226414

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eyal Cohen


Qianwen Xi, Yu Tao, Meiting Qiu, Yun Wang, Yanping Kuang

Department of Assisted Reproduction, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital Affiliated to JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Yun Wang; Yanping Kuang
Yanping Kuang Department of Assisted Reproduction, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital Affiliated to JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
Email Kuangyp1506@sh9hospital.org; sammy20080228@icloud.com

Purpose: To investigate whether progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) can be an alternative as gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) long protocol for infertile women with normal ovarian reserve during IVF/ICSI.
Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) including 257 patients was conducted between 1 August 2017 to 1 January 2018. Computerized randomization was performed to assign participants into two treatment groups at a 1:1 ratio: PPOS (130 patients) or GnRHa long protocol (127 patients) followed by their first IVF/ICSI with fresh/frozen embryo transfer. The primary outcome was the number of oocytes retrieved. Patients with normal ovarian reserve undergoing their first IVF/ICSI procedure were included. The embryological and clinical outcomes were measured. Only the first embryo transfer cycle was followed-up.
Results: Basic characteristics such as infertility duration, age, and body mass index (BMI) were comparable in both groups. No significant difference was found in the number (mean ± SD) oocytes retrieved [11.8 ±  6.5 for PPOS vs 11.3 ±  5.6 for GnRHa long protocol] or viable embryos [4.5 ±  3.0 for PPOS vs 4.2 ±  2.9 for GnRHa long protocol] between the groups. No patient from either group experienced a premature LH surge during the whole process of ovarian stimulation. Besides, there was no moderate or severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome during the ovarian stimulation in PPOS group while three patients suffered it in the GnRHa long protocol group. There was no significant difference in the clinical pregnancy rate of the first embryos transfer cycle between the two groups.
Conclusion: PPOS in combination with embryo cryopreservation as an ovarian stimulation regimen was as effective as GnRHa long protocol during controlled ovarian stimulation (COH) under different endocrinal mechanisms. It can also achieve comparable embryological and clinical outcomes while reducing the incidence of moderate and severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and HMG dosage. It can be an alternative of the treatments for infertile patients with normal ovarian reserve undergoing IVF as well as traditional protocols.
Trial Registration Number: ChiCTR-INR-17012089.
Trial Registration Date: Chictr.org.cn: 23 July 2017.
Date of First Patient’s Enrollment: 1 August 2017.

Keywords: medroxyprogesterone acetate, progestin-primed ovarian stimulation, premature LH surge, ovarian stimulation, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

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