Comparative analysis of US real-world dosing patterns and direct infusion-related costs for matched cohorts of rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with infliximab or intravenous golimumab
Received 28 August 2018
Accepted for publication 20 November 2018
Published 15 January 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 99—110
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Samer Hamidi
Lorie A Ellis,1 Elisabetta Malangone-Monaco,2 Helen Varker,3 Diana Stetsovsky,3 Maureen Kubacki,1 Raphael J DeHoratius,1,4 Shelly Kafka1
1Real World Value and Evidence, Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC, Horsham, PA, USA; 2Life Sciences, IBM Watson Health, Armonk, NY, USA; 3Life Sciences, IBM Watson Health, Cambridge, MA, USA; 4Janssen Immunology, Medical Affairs, Sidney Kimmel School of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Purpose: The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare treatment patterns and infusion-related health care resource expenditures for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients initiating golimumab for intravenous use (GLM-IV) and infliximab (IFX) therapy and to assess cost implications from the commercial perspective.
Methods: Adult RA patients with a new episode of GLM-IV or IFX treatment between January 1, 2014 and March 31, 2016 were identified from MarketScan databases and evaluated for maintenance infusion intervals and related costs of treatment. IFX and GLM-IV patients were matched 1:1 on index medication treatment duration, gender, payer type, prior biologic use, and post-index methotrexate use. Paid amounts for drugs and associated administration costs were applied to treatment group dosing patterns.
Results: Final matched treatment groups included 547 GLM-IV and 547 IFX patients (mean age = 55–56 years). Mean (SD) follow-up was 609 (161) days for GLM-IV and 613 (163) days for IFX. Treatment duration was 396 (240) days for GLM-IV and 397 (239) days for IFX. Overall, 80% of GLM-IV and 39% of IFX maintenance infusions were given approximately every 8 weeks; and 6% of GLM-IV and 53% of IFX maintenance infusions occurred more frequently than every 8 weeks (P<0.001). When weighting of the maintenance infusion interval was applied, the mean number of induction plus maintenance infusions during the first year of treatment was estimated at 7.03 for GLM-IV and 9.48 for IFX. From the commercial perspective, drug plus administration costs per infusion were $5,846 for GLM-IV and $5,444 for IFX with total annual cost of therapy for GLM-IV patients costing $10,507 less than that for IFX patients in the first year and $6,774 less than that for IFX patients in subsequent years.
Conclusion: Annual GLM-IV drug plus administration costs for commercial health plans were significantly less than IFX in RA patients due to differences in real-world dosing and administration.
Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, infliximab, golimumab, dosing, treatment patterns
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