Back to Journals » OncoTargets and Therapy » Volume 6

Combined use of cyclophosphamide and Chalone 19-peptide in experimental breast cancer

Authors Huang Y, He Y, Ye S, Li X, Zhong Q, Chen Z, Jin X

Received 27 February 2013

Accepted for publication 2 May 2013

Published 10 July 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 861—867


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Yuanxi Huang,1,* Yan He,2,* Shengqian Ye,2 Xiaomei Li,1 Qingqi Zhong,1 Zhuo Chen,1 Xiaoming Jin2

1Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Department of Pathology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, People's Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Cyclophosphamide is a potent anticancer drug, but its clinical utility is limited because of its severe side effects, in particular liver damage. Chalone 19-peptide induces apoptosis of tumor cells and inhibits tumor growth. The present study investigated the antitumor effects of a combination of cyclophosphamide and Chalone 19-peptide in experimental breast cancer.
Methods: An animal model of breast cancer was developed, consisting of an MDA-MB-231 cell line implanted in the nude mouse. Eight doses of a combination of cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg and Chalone 19-peptide 6.6 mg/kg were administered, and the mice were euthanized 28 days after the final drug injection. Histopathologic analysis of tumor size, metastasis, and apoptosis of cancer cells was performed. Control mice were injected intraperitoneally with either cyclophosphamide alone or the same volume of solvent.
Results: Tumor sizes in the treatment groups were smaller than in the controls. No metastasis was found in the groups treated with cyclophosphamide and Chalone 19-peptide, but lung metastasis was found in controls. Liver damage in the groups treated with cyclophosphamide was more serious than in the other groups.
Conclusion: Addition of Chalone 19-peptide can improve the ability of cyclophosphamide to inhibit tumor growth and also reduces side effects.

Keywords: cyclophosphamide, Chalone 19-peptide, tumor suppression, apoptosis, hepatic injury

Creative Commons License © 2013 The Author(s). This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.