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Clinical utility of foam dressings in wound management: a review

Authors Nielsen J, Fogh K

Received 20 September 2014

Accepted for publication 25 December 2014

Published 17 February 2015 Volume 2015:2 Pages 31—38


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Marco Romanelli

Jakob Nielsen, Karsten Fogh

Department of Dermatology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark

Background: The management of chronic wounds is a significant medical burden associated with large health care expenditures. Since the establishment of moist wound healing in the 1960s, several types of wound dressings have been developed. However, the evidence for effectiveness when comparing various types of wound dressings is limited.
Objectives: The purpose of this review is 1) to provide a general description of the role of foam in wound therapy and 2) to evaluate the evidence for effectiveness of foam dressings compared to other frequently used products.
Summary and conclusion: Foam has a significant role in the clinical management of chronic wounds and in moist wound healing. There are only a few randomized controlled trials, which in general, show no significant difference in the healing effect of different dressing types. The choice of wound dressing should therefore be based on clinical evaluation of the wound and the periwound skin.

Keywords: foam dressing, chronic wounds, comparative effectiveness, healing, periwound skin, ulcers

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