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Clinical outcome observation of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy/radiotherapy alone in 174 Chinese patients with local advanced cervical carcinoma

Authors Wei L, Wang N, Shi M, Liu J, Li J, Zhang Y, Huang Y, Li X, Chen Y

Received 23 October 2012

Accepted for publication 6 December 2012

Published 7 February 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 67—74

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S39495

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 5

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Li-Chun Wei,1,* Ning Wang,1,* Mei Shi,1 Jun-Yue Liu,1 Jian-Ping Li,1 Ying Zhang,1 Yan-Hong Huang,2 Xia Li,3 Yan Chen4

1Department of Radiation Oncology, 2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 3Department of Pathology, 4Department of Oncology, Xijing Hospital, Xi'an, People's Republic of China

*Shared co-first authorship

Objective: To study outcomes of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) or radiotherapy (RT) alone followed by radical surgery in patients with local advanced cervical cancer.
Methods: A retrospective approach was carried out in 174 Chinese patients with International Federation of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists stage IB2–IIIB cervical carcinoma. A total of 121 patients were treated with CCRT, while the remaining 53 patients received RT alone, and the regimen of chemotherapy was weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m2). Pathological response, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and complications were analyzed.
Results: The median age was 45 years and the mean primary tumor diameter was 4.8 ± 1.0 cm. Pathological complete response (CR) was achieved in 53 patients (30.5%). The CR rate was relatively higher in the CCRT group (31.4% vs 28.3%, P = 0.724), particularly when tumor diameter was less than 5 cm (38.2% vs 30.8%, P = 0.623). With median follow-up of 24 months, patients with CR had improved 3-year OS (100% vs 83.6%, P = 0.018) and 3-year PFS (93.1% vs 83.2%, P = 0.035) compared to patients with residual disease. CCRT was associated with significantly improved 3-year PFS (92.0% vs 76.5%, P = 0.032) compared to RT alone in patients with tumor diameter less than 5 cm. Thirty-seven patients (21.3%) experienced more than grade 2 toxicity, and one patient (0.6%) developed grade 3 uronephrosis. Data thus indicated that pathologic response, tumor size, and lymph-node involvement were highly correlated with clinical outcomes of the local advanced cervical disease.
Conclusion: Preoperative CCRT achieved outcomes superior to RT alone, depending on the pathologic response, tumor size and lymph-node involvement as major prognostic factors.

Keywords: local advanced cervical carcinoma, concurrent chemoradiotherapy, radical hysterectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy, prognostic factors

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