Characteristics and surgical outcomes of pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
Yoshihiko Oono, Koji Uehara, Masatoshi Haruta, Ryoji Yamakawa
Department of Ophthalmology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan
Purpose: To describe the characteristics and surgical outcomes of pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
Methods: A retrospective study of pediatric patients (15 years old or younger) who had undergone primary surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was conducted. Patients were divided into five groups according to the predisposing factors: trauma (group 1), myopia (group 2), atopic dermatitis (group 3), congenital or developmental anomalies (group 4), and others (group 5).
Results: A total of 48 eyes of 44 patients were included in this study. There were 18 eyes (37.5%) in group 1, twelve eyes (25.0%) in group 2, six eyes (12.5%) in group 3, five eyes (10.4%) in group 4, and seven eyes (14.6%) in group 5. The initial retinal reattachment rate was 89% in group 1, 100% in group 2, 83% in group 3, 20% in group 4, and 86% in group 5 (P = 0.002). The final retinal reattachment rate was 100% in group 1, 100% in group 2, 100% in group 3, 80% in group 4, and 86% in group 5 (P = 0.16). The frequency of visual acuity of 0.1 or better after surgery was 100% in group 1, 92% in group 2, 83% in group 3, 40% in group 4, and 71% in group 5 (P = 0.01).
Conclusion: The overall surgical outcome was successful, but the patients in group 4 had the lowest initial reattachment rate and the worst visual prognosis.
Keywords: children, detached retina, surgical outcome, predisposing factor
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