Changing personnel behavior to promote quality care practices in an intensive care unit
Authors Dominic Cooper, Keith Farmery, Martin Johnson, Christine Harper, Fiona L Clarke, et al
Published 15 December 2005 Volume 2005:1(4) Pages 321—332
Dominic Cooper1, Keith Farmery2, Martin Johnson3, Christine Harper3, Fiona L Clarke3, Phillip Holton4, Susan Wilson5, Paul Rayson6, Hugh Bence6
1Department of Applied Health Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA; 2Consultant in Clinical Governance and Risk Management to Co Durham and Tees Valley Strategic Health Authority, Stockton on Tees, UK; 3James Cook University Hospital, Intensive Care Unit, Middlesbrough, UK; 4Co Durham and Tees Valley Strategic Health Authority, Stockton on Tees, UK; 5Primary Care Community Nursing, North Tees Primary Care Trust, Stockton on Tees, UK; 6Hunstman Petrochemicals (UK) Ltd, Redcar, Teesside, UK
Abstract: The delivery of safe high quality patient care is a major issue in clinical settings. However, the implementation of evidence-based practice and educational interventions are not always effective at improving performance. A staff-led behavioral management process was implemented in a large single-site acute (secondary and tertiary) hospital in the North of England for 26 weeks. A quasi-experimental, repeated-measures, within-groups design was used. Measurement focused on quality care behaviors (ie, documentation, charting, hand washing). The results demonstrate the efficacy of a staff-led behavioral management approach for improving quality-care practices. Significant behavioral change (F [6, 19] = 5.37, p < 0.01) was observed. Correspondingly, statistically significant (t-test [t] = 3.49, df = 25, p < 0.01) reductions in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were obtained. Discussion focuses on implementation issues.
Keywords: behavioral management, hospital-acquired infection, goal-setting, feedback, employee involvement, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)