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Changes in corneal thickness following vitreous surgery

Authors Watanabe A, Shibata T, Takashina H, Ogawa S, Tsuneoka H

Received 30 April 2012

Accepted for publication 9 July 2012

Published 10 August 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 1293—1296

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S33421

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Akira Watanabe, Tomohiro Shibata, Hirotsugu Takashina, Shumpei Ogawa, Hiroshi Tsuneoka

Department of Ophthalmology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Purpose: We investigated changes in corneal thickness following vitreous surgery and determined whether such changes can be used to evaluate the invasiveness of a vitrectomy.
Patients and methods: This retrospective, consecutive, comparative study examined 20 eyes that had undergone 23-gauge vitrectomy. Corneal thickness was measured prior to as well as following 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. Measurements were performed at the center and at points 3 mm superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal to the center.
Results: Across the 20 cases, postoperative data showed a significant increase at 1 week after surgery at all points, but recovery to preoperative levels was evident only 1 month after surgery (P < 0.05, paired t-test test). In the rhegmatogenous retinal detachment group (n = 9), mean corneal thickness 1 week after vitrectomy showed a significant increase at all points, but had recovered to preoperative levels by 1 month. In the proliferative diabetic retinopathy group (n = 5), mean corneal thickness at 1 week after vitrectomy showed a significant increase at central, inferior, and temporal points, but had recovered to preoperative levels by 1 month. In the epiretinal membrane group (n = 6), 6 3 months after surgery (P < 0.05, Wilcoxon signed-rank test).
Conclusions: Measurement of corneal thickness is useful for assessing the extent of surgical stress following vitrectomy.

Keywords: corneal thickness, vitrectomy, MIVS, invasiveness

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