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Cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker: critical appraisal of the adaptive CRT-P device

Authors Daoud G, Houmsse M

Received 3 September 2015

Accepted for publication 5 November 2015

Published 18 January 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 19—25

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/MDER.S77940

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Jeffrey Clymer

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Georges E Daoud,1 Mahmoud Houmsse2

1Department of the Biomedical Research, 2Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA


Abstract: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective and well-established therapy for patients suffering with heart failure, left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction ≤35%), and electrical dyssynchrony, demonstrated by a surface QRS duration of ≥120 ms. Patients undergoing treatment with CRT have shown significant improvement in functional class, quality of life, LV ejection fraction, exercise capacity, hemodynamics, and reverse remodeling of LV, and ultimately, morbidity and mortality. However, 30%–40% of patients who receive a CRT device may not show improvement, and they are termed as nonresponders. The nonresponders have a poor prognosis; several methods have been developed to try to enhance response to CRT. Echocardiography-guided optimization of CRT has not resulted in significant clinical benefit, since it is done at rest with the patient in supine position. An ideal optimization strategy would provide continuous monitoring and adjustment of device pacing to provide maximal cardiac resynchronization, under a multitude of physiologic states. Intrinsic activation of the right ventricle (RV) with paced activation of the RV, even in the setting of biventricular (BiV) pacing, may result in an adverse effect on cardiac performance. With this physiology, the use of LV-only pacing may be preferred and may enhance CRT. Adaptive CRT is a novel device-based algorithm that was designed to achieve patient-specific adjustment in CRT so as to provide appropriate BiV pacing or LV-only pacing. This article will review the goals of CRT optimization, and implementation and outcomes associated with adaptive CRT.

Keywords: heart failure, cardiac resynchronization, therapy, adaptive, left and biventricular pacing

Corrigendum for the paper has been published.

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