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CaCO3/CaIP6 composite nanoparticles effectively deliver AKT1 small interfering RNA to inhibit human breast cancer growth

Authors Zhou H, Wei J, Dai Q, Wang L, Luo J, Cheang T, Wang

Received 26 August 2014

Accepted for publication 13 December 2014

Published 1 July 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 4255—4266


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Thomas J. Webster

Hongyan Zhou,1,* Jinhuan Wei,2,* Qiangsheng Dai,3 Liping Wang,4 Junhang Luo,2 Tuckyun Cheang,4 Shenming Wang4

1Department of Neurological Intensive Care Unit, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Breast Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated gene therapy is a promising strategy to temporarily inhibit the expression of genes involved in development of breast cancer. The lack of a safe and efficient gene delivery system has become a major hurdle for siRNA-mediated gene therapy in breast cancer. Our previous studies have demonstrated that inorganic amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) hybrid nanospheres functionalized with CaIP6 (ACC/CaIP6) nanoparticles are an efficient nucleic acid delivery tool. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficiency of ACC/CaIP6 in delivering siRNA targeting AKT1 (siAKT1) for the treatment of breast cancer.
Methods: The cytotoxicity of the ACC/CaIP6 nanoparticles was evaluated using a tetrazolium assay. The transfection efficiency and intracellular distribution of ACC/siAKT1 were analyzed by flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy, respectively. A series of in vitro and in vivo assays was performed to evaluate the effects of ACC/CaIP6/siAKT1 on growth of breast cancer cells.
Results: ACC/CaIP6 nanoparticles effectively transfected cells with little or no toxicity. AKT1 knockdown by ACC/CaIP6/siAKT1 inhibited cell cycle progression and promoted apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. Intratumoral injection of ACC/CaIP6/siAKT1 significantly suppressed the growth of breast cancer in mice.
Conclusion: ACC/CaIP6 nanoparticles are a safe and efficient method of delivering siRNA for gene therapy in breast cancer.

Keywords: breast cancer, gene therapy, nanoparticles, small interfering RNA

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