Bone loss and fractures in multiple sclerosis: focus on epidemiologic and physiopathological features
Rehabilitation Department, Physical and Social Rehabilitation Center, Amyntæo, Florina, Greece
Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects the central nervous system leading to disability and is complicated by bone loss and fractures. Despite the acceptance of osteoporosis and fractures as two major public health problems, in people with MS the mechanisms have not been investigated adequately. Physicians and patients usually focus on the major cause of disability and neglect the multiple risk factors for osteoporosis and fractures in this specific population. This review updates the epidemiology and physiopathological mechanisms in MS.
Keywords: multiple sclerosis, bone, fractures, osteoporosis, osteopenia
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