Blood pressure control status and associated factors among adult hypertensive patients on outpatient follow-up at University of Gondar Referral Hospital, northwest Ethiopia: a retrospective follow-up study
Authors Animut Y, Assefa AT, Lemma DG
Received 1 September 2017
Accepted for publication 16 February 2018
Published 23 April 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 37—46
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Steven Atlas
Yaregal Animut, Alemu Takele Assefa, Dereseh Gezie Lemma
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Background: Large segments of the hypertensive population in the world are either untreated or inadequately treated. The incidence of heart failure and mortality from cardiovascular complications of hypertension is high among patients with uncontrolled blood pressure (BP). But BP control status of hypertensive patients has not been investigated in the study area. The study aimed to assess BP control status and determinant factors among adult hypertensive patients on antihypertensive medication attending outpatient follow-up at University of Gondar Referral Hospital, northwest Ethiopia.
Methods: An institution-based retrospective follow-up study was conducted from September 2015 to April 2016. Data were collected using a structured and pretested questionnaire adopted from the World Health Organization STEPwise approach. BP records of 6 months were used, and patients were classified as having controlled BP if their BP readings were <140/90 mmHg for all adults ≥18 years of age and <150/90 mmHg for adults aged ≥60 years. A generalized estimating equation was fitted, and the odds ratio with a 95% confidence level was used to determine the effect of covariates on BP control status.
Results: Among 395 participants, 50.4% (95% CI: 45–55) of them controlled their BP in the last 6 months of the survey. Physical activity (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=1.95, 95% CI: 1.41–2.68), duration on antihypertensive drugs of 2–4 years (AOR=1.70, 95% CI: 1.13–2.56) and 5 years or more (AOR=1.96, 95% CI: 1.32–2.92), and high adherence (AOR=2.18, 95% CI: 1.14–4.15) to antihypertensive drugs were positively associated with BP control, while salt intake (AOR=0.67, 95% CI: 0.49–0.93), overweight (AOR=0.50, 95% CI: 0.36–0.68), and obesity (AOR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.36–0.87) were inversely associated with BP control.
Conclusion: In this study, only half of the hypertensive patients controlled their BP. Thus, health care providers need to be made aware about the importance of counseling hypertensive patients on drug adherence, moderate physical activity, and salt restriction to improve BP control.
Keywords: blood pressure control, associated factors, adults, Gondar
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