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Association of glutathione S-transferase T1, M1, and P1 polymorphisms in the breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis

Authors Song Z, Shao C, Feng C, Lu Y, Gao Y, Dong C

Received 15 January 2016

Accepted for publication 4 March 2016

Published 12 May 2016 Volume 2016:12 Pages 763—769

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S104339

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Chang Liu

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang

Zhiwang Song,1 Chuan Shao,2 Chan Feng,1 Yonglin Lu,1 Yong Gao,1 Chunyan Dong1

1Department of Oncology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, 2Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Clinical Medical College of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China

Background: Several case–control studies investigating the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 (rs1695) and the risk of breast cancer have reported contradictory results. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to clarify this issue.
Materials and methods: An updated meta-analysis using PubMed and Web of Knowledge databases for the eligible case–control studies was performed. Random- or fixed-effects model was used.
Results: A total of 10,067 cancer cases and 12,276 controls in 41 independent case–control studies from 19 articles were included in this meta-analysis. Significant increase in risk of breast cancer for Asians was found in GSTM1-null genotype (P=0.012, odds ratio [OR] =1.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.04–1.32) and GSTT1-null genotype (P=0.039, OR =1.19, 95% CI =1.01–1.41). In addition, our results showed that the GSTP1 (rs1695) polymorphisms can significantly increase the risk among Caucasians (P=0.042, OR =1.16, 95% CI =1.01–1.34). Sensitivity analysis and publication bias further confirmed the dependability of the results in this meta-analysis.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that both GSTM1- and GSTT1-null polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in Asians and that GSTP1 Val105Ile (rs1695) polymorphism is associated with an increased breast cancer risk in Caucasians.

Keywords: GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, polymorphism, breast cancer, meta-analysis

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