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Association of asymptomatic target organ damage with secreted frizzled related protein 5 in the elderly: the Northern Shanghai Study

Authors Teliewubai J, Bai B, Zhou Y, Lu Y, Yu S, Chi C, Li J, Blacher J, Xu Y, Zhang Y

Received 30 October 2017

Accepted for publication 9 January 2018

Published 6 March 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 389—395

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S155514

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Wu


Jiadela Teliewubai,1 Bin Bai,1 Yiwu Zhou,1 Yuyan Lu,1 Shikai Yu,1 Chen Chi,1 Jue Li,2 Jacques Blacher,3 Yawei Xu,1 Yi Zhang1

1Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; 2The Research Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; 3AP-HP, Diagnosis and Therapeutic Center, Hôtel-Dieu, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France

Objective: Secreted frizzled related protein 5 (SFRP5) is a novel anti-inflammatory adipokine that is implicated in metabolic and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, little is known about the relevance of SFRP5 with asymptomatic hypertensive target organ damages (TODs). We aimed to investigate the association between SFRP5 and TOD in a large population.
Clinical trial registration: NCT02368938.
Methods: A total of 1,745 community-dwelling elderly subjects aged over 65 years from northern Shanghai were recruited in the study. Plasma SFRP5 level was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Asymptomatic TODs, including left ventricular mass index, peak transmitral pulsed Doppler velocity/early diastolic tissue Doppler velocity, carotid intima–media thickness (CIMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), estimated glomerular filtration rate, and urinary albumin–creatinine ratio were evaluated.
Results: Plasma SFRP5 level was negatively associated with body mass index, waist/hip ratio, and fasting blood glucose (all P<0.001). Men, compared with women, had lower plasma SFRP5 level (4.19 vs 5.13 ng/mL, P<0.001). Additionally, plasma SFRP5 level was lower in diabetics than in those without diabetes (4.30 vs 4.81 ng/mL, P<0.05). Furthermore, an inverse association was observed between SFRP5 and PWV and CIMT (both P<0.05). Lastly, the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed lower SFRP5 level was significantly associated with increased arterial stiffness in the elderly (odds ratio 0.83, 95% confidence interval 0.71 to 0.99 per 1 standard deviation increase, P<0.05).
Conclusion: Plasma SFRP5 level was inversely correlated with conventional cardiovascular risk factors, and low plasma SFRP5 was also significantly associated with arterial stiffening in the elderly Chinese population.

Keywords: secreted frizzled related protein 5, cardiovascular disease, asymptomatic target organ damage, arterial stiffness

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