Association between biofilm formation, structure and antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from neonatal septicemia in southwest Iran
Received 12 February 2019
Accepted for publication 7 May 2019
Published 27 June 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1771—1782
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony
Ahmad Farajzadeh Sheikh,1,2 Aram Asareh Zadegan Dezfuli,2 Tahereh Navidifar,2 Shahla Samei Fard,2 Masood Dehdashtian3
1Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; 2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; 3Neonatology Ward Imam Khomeini Teaching Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Background: Staphylococcus epidermidis has emerged as the pathogen from neonatal septicemia. Antibiotic resistance and the capability of biofilm formation make these infections much harder to treat. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between biofilm formation, structure and antibiotic resistance in S. epidermidis isolated from neonatal septicemia.
Methods: Overall, 65 S. epidermidis isolates were recovered from blood cultures of neonatal septicemia. Antibiotic resistance pattern and the biofilm production were determined using phenotypic methods. The presence of ica operon, the bhp, the aap genes and SCCmec types were screened using PCR.
Results: Most S.epidermidis isolates were resistant to erythromycin, while all isolates were sensitive to linezolid and vancomycin. Fifty-three percent of S.epidermidis isolates were resistant to methicillin. SCCmec types II was found commonly among methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis (MRSE) strains. The biofilm formation was observed in 65% of S.epidermidis isolates and the majority have polysaccharide matrix. icaA and icaD genes were found in 40% and 19% of isolates. Twenty-three isolates (62%) produced dissolvable polysaccharide intercellular adhesion (PIA)-dependent biofilms in SM after growth in TSB with NaCl and 14 (37%) isolates produced dissolvable protein-dependent biofilms in PK after growth in TSB with glucose. Three isolates (62%) produced dissolvable polysaccharide intercellular adhesion.
Conclusion: Our data indicate the high rates of antibiotic resistance and the capability of biofilm formation among S. epidermidis isolates. Hence, the transmission of these strains can cause an increased risk of serious nosocomial infections.
Keywords: S. epidermidis, antibiotic resistance, biofilm formation
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