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Grip Strength: An Indispensable Biomarker For Older Adults

Authors Bohannon RW

Received 20 August 2019

Accepted for publication 13 September 2019

Published 1 October 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 1681—1691

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S194543

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Nicola Ludin

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Richard W Bohannon

Department of Physical Therapy, Campbell University, Lillington, NC, USA

Correspondence: Richard W Bohannon
Department of Physical Therapy, Campbell University, 4150 US 421 South, Lillington, NC 27546, USA
Tel +1 910-814-4098
Fax +1 910 814-4951
Email bohannon@campbell.edu

Abstract: Grip strength has been proposed as a biomarker. Supporting this proposition, evidence is provided herein that shows grip strength is largely consistent as an explanator of concurrent overall strength, upper limb function, bone mineral density, fractures, falls, malnutrition, cognitive impairment, depression, sleep problems, diabetes, multimorbidity, and quality of life. Evidence is also provided for a predictive link between grip strength and all-cause and disease-specific mortality, future function, bone mineral density, fractures, cognition and depression, and problems associated with hospitalization. Consequently, the routine use of grip strength can be recommended as a stand-alone measurement or as a component of a small battery of measurements for identifying older adults at risk of poor health status.

Keywords: biomarker, muscle strength, health outcomes, epidemiology, mortality, rehabilitation, aging
 

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