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Positive physical and mental outcomes for residents in nursing facilities using music: a systematic review

Authors Mileski M, Brooks M, Kirsch A, Lee F, LeVieux A, Ruiz A

Received 5 November 2018

Accepted for publication 12 December 2018

Published 12 February 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 301—319

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S189486

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Michael Mileski,1 Matthew Brooks,1 Alison Kirsch,1 Fengmei Lee,2 Amanda LeVieux,1 Alexandra Ruiz3

1School of Health Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA; 2Department of Sociology, Long Term Care Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA; 3School of Social Work, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA

Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the applicability and effectiveness of the use of music in providing for positive physical and mental outcomes in nursing facilities.
Problem: Lack of quality of life (QOL) has been a significant issue within nursing facilities. With the rise in census due to Baby Boomers, it has become imperative to find ways to increase overall QOL.
Methods: The research team participants conducted a literature review via Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed (MEDLINE), and Academic Search Ultimate to collect data regarding the use of music to provide for positive physical and mental outcomes in nursing facilities.
Results: The most common facilitator mentioned was increased socialization or communication (18%), followed by reduced depression (12%), improved physical health (11%), and reduced agitation or behavior problems (9%). The most common barriers were as follows: cannot isolate effects of music (26%), cost prohibitive (11%), difficult to implement (11%), and no significant improvements in QOL or well-being (11%).
Conclusion: The use of music showed positive outcomes for residents in nursing facilities and should be considered for implementation as part of the normal culture within such facilities.

Keywords: music, music therapy, nursing facilities, skilled nursing, outcomes


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