Back to Journals » International Journal of Nanomedicine » Volume 14

Antitumor activity of the bioreductive prodrug 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs) on MDA-MB-231 cells: in vitro and in vivo

Authors Duan X, Yao X, Zhang S, Xu M, Hao Y, Li Z, Zheng X, Liu M, Li Z, Li H, Wang J, Feng Z, Zhang X

Received 5 September 2018

Accepted for publication 27 November 2018

Published 24 December 2018 Volume 2019:14 Pages 195—204

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S186556

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Alexander Kharlamov

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun


Xiao-Chuan Duan,1,2,* Xin Yao,1,2,* Shuang Zhang,1,2 Mei-Qi Xu,1,2 Yan-Li Hao,1,2 Zhan-Tao Li,1,2 Xiu-Chai Zheng,2 Man Liu,1,2 Zhuo-Yue Li,1,2 Hui Li,1 Jing-Ru Wang,1,2 Zhen-Han Feng,1 Xuan Zhang1,2

1Beijing Key Laboratory of Molecular Pharmaceutics and New Drug Delivery Systems, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: 3-(2-Nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel (NPPA-PTX) is a paclitaxel (PTX) bioreductive prodrug synthesized by our lab. We hypothesize that NPPA-PTX can self-assemble to form nanoparticles (NPs).
Materials and methods: In the present research, the theoretical partition coefficient (XlogP) and Hansen solubility parameters of NPPA-PTX were calculated. NPPA-PTX nanoparticles prepared by NPPA-PTX and DSPE-PEG (NPPA-PTX:DSPE-PEG =1:0.1, w/w) (NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs) were prepared and characterized. The cellular uptake, in vitro antitumor activity, in vivo targeting effect, tumor distribution, in vivo antitumor activity, and safety of NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs were investigated.
Results: Our results indicate that NPPA-PTX can self-assemble to form NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs. Both the cellular uptake and safety of NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs were higher than those of Taxol. NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs could target tumor tissues by a passive targeting effect. In tumor tissues, NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs could completely transform into active PTX. The in vivo antitumor activity of NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs was confirmed in MDA-MB-231 tumor-bearing nude mice.
Conclusion: The bioreductive prodrug NPPA-PTX could self-assemble to form NPs. The safety and antitumor activity of NPPA-PTX@PEG were confirmed in our in vitro and in vivo experiments. The NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs developed in this study could offer a new way of preparing bioreductive prodrug, self-assembled NPs suitable for antitumor therapy.

Keywords: bioreductive prodrug, 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel, nanoparticles, antitumor activity, in vitro, in vivo

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]