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Antitumor activity of the bioreductive prodrug 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs) on MDA-MB-231 cells: in vitro and in vivo

Authors Duan X, Yao X, Zhang S, Xu M, Hao Y, Li Z, Zheng X, Liu M, Li Z, Li H, Wang J, Feng Z, Zhang X

Received 5 September 2018

Accepted for publication 27 November 2018

Published 24 December 2018 Volume 2019:14 Pages 195—204


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Alexander Kharlamov

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun

Xiao-Chuan Duan,1,2,* Xin Yao,1,2,* Shuang Zhang,1,2 Mei-Qi Xu,1,2 Yan-Li Hao,1,2 Zhan-Tao Li,1,2 Xiu-Chai Zheng,2 Man Liu,1,2 Zhuo-Yue Li,1,2 Hui Li,1 Jing-Ru Wang,1,2 Zhen-Han Feng,1 Xuan Zhang1,2

1Beijing Key Laboratory of Molecular Pharmaceutics and New Drug Delivery Systems, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: 3-(2-Nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel (NPPA-PTX) is a paclitaxel (PTX) bioreductive prodrug synthesized by our lab. We hypothesize that NPPA-PTX can self-assemble to form nanoparticles (NPs).
Materials and methods: In the present research, the theoretical partition coefficient (XlogP) and Hansen solubility parameters of NPPA-PTX were calculated. NPPA-PTX nanoparticles prepared by NPPA-PTX and DSPE-PEG (NPPA-PTX:DSPE-PEG =1:0.1, w/w) (NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs) were prepared and characterized. The cellular uptake, in vitro antitumor activity, in vivo targeting effect, tumor distribution, in vivo antitumor activity, and safety of NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs were investigated.
Results: Our results indicate that NPPA-PTX can self-assemble to form NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs. Both the cellular uptake and safety of NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs were higher than those of Taxol. NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs could target tumor tissues by a passive targeting effect. In tumor tissues, NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs could completely transform into active PTX. The in vivo antitumor activity of NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs was confirmed in MDA-MB-231 tumor-bearing nude mice.
Conclusion: The bioreductive prodrug NPPA-PTX could self-assemble to form NPs. The safety and antitumor activity of NPPA-PTX@PEG were confirmed in our in vitro and in vivo experiments. The NPPA-PTX@PEG NPs developed in this study could offer a new way of preparing bioreductive prodrug, self-assembled NPs suitable for antitumor therapy.

Keywords: bioreductive prodrug, 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel, nanoparticles, antitumor activity, in vitro, in vivo

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