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Antibacterial effect evaluation of moxalactam against extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae with in vitro pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics simulation

Authors Huang C, Zheng B, Yu W, Niu T, Xiao T, Zhang J, Xiao Y

Received 30 August 2017

Accepted for publication 20 November 2017

Published 15 January 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 103—112


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eric Nulens

Chen Huang,1,* Beiwen Zheng,1,* Wei Yu,2 Tianshui Niu,1 Tingting Xiao,1 Jing Zhang,1 Yonghong Xiao1

1State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; 2Department of Infectious Diseases, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, Hangzhou, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bactericidal effects of moxalactam (MOX), cefotaxime (CTX), and cefoperazone/sulbactam (CFZ/SBT) against extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, using an in vitro pharmacokinetics (PK)/pharmacodynamics model.
Methods: Two clinical ESBL-producing strains (blaCTX-M-15 positive E. coli 3376 and blaCTX-M-14 positive K. pneumoniae 2689) and E. coli American Type Culture Collection (ATCC)25922 were used in the study. The PK Auto Simulation System 400 was used to simulate the human PK procedures after intravenous administration of different doses of MOX, CTX, and CFZ/SBT. Bacterial growth recovery time (RT) and the area between the control growth curve and bactericidal curves (IE) were employed to assess the antibacterial efficacies of all the agents.
Results: The minimum inhibitory concentrations of MOX, CTX, and CFZ/SBT against E. coli ATCC25922, 3376, and 2689 strains were 0.5, 0.5, 0.25; 0.06, >256, 256; and 0.5/0.5, 16/16, 32/32 mg/L. All the agents demonstrated outstanding bactericidal effects against E. coli ATCC25922 (RT >24 h and IE >120 log10 CFU/mL·h−1) with simulating PK procedures, especially in the multiple dose administration models. Against ESBL producers, CTX and CFZ/SBT displayed only weak bactericidal effects, and subsequent regrowth was evident. MOX exhibited potent antibacterial activity against all the strains tested. The values of effective parameters of MOX were much higher than those of CTX and CFZ/SBT (the bacterial RTs with the 3 agents were >24, <4, and <13 h, and the IEs were >110, <10, and <60 log10 CFU/mL·h−1, respectively).
Conclusion: MOX demonstrated excellent bactericidal effect, which is worthy of further exploration to serve as an alternative therapeutic agent against ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae.

Keywords: moxalactam, in vitro, pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, extended-spectrum β-lactamases, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae

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