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Anophthalmia and serious microphthalmia: a summary of the problems associated with antenatal diagnosis and therapeutic refunding in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors Diomande IA, Toure A, Koffi K, Diomande GF, Djiguimde WP, Habib N, Ahnoux-Zabsonre A

Received 4 May 2015

Accepted for publication 9 July 2015

Published 4 November 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 287—290


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Ibrahim Abib Diomande,1 Abdoulaye Toure,2 Konan Virgile Koffi,1 Gossé François Diomande,1 Windinmanégdé Pierre Djiguimde,3 Nouraly Habib,4 Ahgbatouhabéba Ahnoux-Zabsonre3
1Ophthalmology Department, Center Hospital University of Bouaké, University Alassane Ouattara, 2Radiology Department, Center Hospital University of Yopougon, University Félix Houphouët Boigny, Côte d'Ivoire; 3Ophthalmology Department, Center Hospital University Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; 4Radiology Department, Center Hospital University of Mahavoky Atsimo, Mahajanga, Madagascar

Abstract: Anophthalmia and serious microphthalmia are conditions characterized by the complete lack of the primary optic vesicle or the presence of the rudimentary eye-like structure. These are rare prenatal conditions, yet diagnoses remain a challenge in Black African areas, raising a major concerns surrounding care after birth. This paper reports a case of anophthalmia and serious microphthalmia, the diagnosis of which was not possible despite many ultrasounds undergone by the mother during pregnancy.

Keywords: pediatric, malformation, antenatal diagnosis, treatment, Africa

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